It is possible to initiate a path of the vineyards and wine cellars in the area of el Garraf, where it has made wine for over 2000 years. The Iberians, the first inhabitants of the area, cultivated the vineyard and shipped the wine to sell it to towns on the Mediterranean coast. In exchange, they obtained cereals or other food products which completed their diet. Years later, this small trade intensified. The Romans, who would establish themselves in the area, also traded in wine by sea, in Rome and also in France.
The grapevine was one of the main crops of the area until at the end of the 19th century the phylloxera plague completely ruined the Catalan vineyards. The epic tenacity of the peasants in replanting the vines with American stock, to later cross it with genuine varieties, established the basis of a solid and quality production. Today the vineyard is experiencing a new drive and is recovering many of the abandoned fields. The winegrowers of the area produce excellent wines and cava (Catalan sparkling wine) based on the varieties of white grapes (xarel•lo and Malvasia) and black grapes (ull de llebre, carinyena, merlot, cabernet sauvignon and sumoll) within the D.O. Penedès, with the character given to it by the Mediterranean climate together with the calcareous and sandy soil of El Garraf.
El Garraf offers opportunities to get to know the winegrowers and the results of their efforts. In Vilanova i la Geltrú, Sitges and Sant Pere de Ribes, you can visit the producer cellars and their vineyards. Also, in Sant Pere de Ribes you can follow a guided visit to the producer farmhouses through a route organized by the tourist information office.